Another warm autumn, 2019

Lake Keepit very low

Keepit Dam at 0.9%

This season had a series of warm spells separated by normal autumn temperatures. The warmest, about 4° above normal, came in early March, late April and late May. Dry air came at cooler times, near the 1st of March and the 12th of April. Most of the rain came in two very wet days: the 30th of March and the 4th of May (61 mm).

Weather log autumn 2019

Comparing autumn seasons

As in 2018 and 2016, autumn was very warm. Although autumn 2016 had the highest mean temperature of the new century, this autumn had the warmest nights: 12.7°.
Despite the on-going drought, measures of moisture were near normal for the season. Cloudy days reached 37%, the daily temperature range (14.3°) was quite narrow, and the early morning dew point (7.2°) not low. The rainfall total, 117 mm (est.), was at the median value, not far below the mean of 134 mm.

Manilla clmate for autumn

Data. A Bureau of Meteorology automatic rain gauge operates in the museum yard. From 17 March 2017, 9 am daily readings are published as Manilla Museum, Station 55312.  These reports use that rainfall data when it is available. Station 55312 recorded no readings this autumn. I used my own readings for the whole season.

All other data, including subsoil at 750 mm, are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla.

Extremely wet winter 2016

Water flowing over a weir

Manilla Weir Fish Ladder

This winter, with 227.4 mm of rain, was the fifth wettest in the record from 1883. In order of rainfall, wetter winters were: 1920 (318 mm), 1998 (304 mm), 1950 (261 mm) and 1952 (233 mm). This winter’s total was more than 100 mm over the average (125 mm). The heaviest daily fall, 37 mm, was on 5 June, and there were four other falls of more than 15 mm; two in June and two in August.
There were big week-long swings in temperature through June and July. On four occasions nights were more than four degrees warmer than normal and on one occasion days were four degrees cooler than normal. No such swings occurred from late July to mid-August, then days became five degrees cooler than normal. In this winter, there were few spells of either hot days or cold nights. The number of frosts (42) was near the usual number (44).

Graphical log for winter 2016
While the mean temperature of the season was normal, most other measures of climate were not.
The winter seasons of 2016 and 2010 were both extremely moist. Winter 2016 had more rain (227 mm versus 160 mm) and more cloudy days (53% versus 49%). In other respects 2010 was more moist: the dew point was higher (3.7° versus 2.5°), and the days had a narrower temperature range (12.5° versus 12.8°). The daily temperature range for winter is usually much wider: 15.3°. It was 17.5° in winter 2002!

Climate for winter 2016

Rainfall figures for this month are from the automatic rain gauge at Manilla, published on the internet by the Bureau of Meteorology as Station 55031. All other data, including subsoil at 750 mm, are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla.

Autumn 2016 had many warm spells

Photo of a garden in Manilla NSW

Autumn Garden

The season was marked by a series of warm spells. The three warmest, coming early in each month, reached 3° to 4° above normal. In the first two, days and nights were equally warm; in the third, nights were much higher above normal than days, making the daily temperature range narrower than normal by 4°. The only cool spells having temperatures below normal were in the third week of March and the last week of May. All three frosts of this season came in the final week .
Rain came in five episodes, spaced a week or two apart. There were 12 rain days, which is the usual number, but the highest reading was only 20.8 mm.

Weather log for autumn 2016
This was the warmest autumn in this short record. Daily maximum, mean, and minimum temperatures were all more than 1.5° above the average for the decade beginning March 1999. The subsoil temperature at 750 mm was also rather high.
The composite Moisture Index was normal, rainfall being a little low and cloudiness rather high (36%, when the autumn “normal” is 25%).
The total rainfall of 88.3 mm was below the autumn average of 134 mm, and in the 35th percentile.

Climate for autumn 2016.

All data, including subsoil at 750 mm, are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla. Rainfall data up to 26/3/15 is from Manilla Post Office, Station 055031.

Summer 2015-16 cool then warm

Photo of San Pedro cactus blooming

San Pedro cactus blooms

Taken as a whole, this summer was nearer to normal than last summer. Several numbers were close to average: daily maximum temperature, daily mean temperature, daily minimum temperature, and daily temperature range. The mean early morning dew point was rather low, while the cloudiness and total rainfall were a little high.
There were two very hot days over 40° (the usual number) and 29 hot days over 35° (just 6 more than usual).

Weather log for summer 2015-16A very cool spell came in early December, between other cool spells in late November and late December. Then, from mid-February through to early autumn, the weather was very warm. With this warmth came dry air, a wide daily temperature range, and sunny skies.
The total rainfall of 253.6 mm was above the summer average of 227 mm. After 20 rain days (the usual number), rainfall ceased on the 4th of February. Had it continued, the total might have reached a very wet 350 mm.

Climate log for summer 2015-16.

All data, including subsoil at 750 mm, are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla. Rainfall data up to 26/3/15 is from Manilla Post Office, Station 055031.

Warm Spring 2015


View of Redjack Mountain from Manilla

Redjack Mountain

After cool spells in early and late September, the season was marked by two long very warm spells in early October and late November. In these, days were five degrees above normal, the air was very dry, and there was little cloud.

Weather log for spring 2015

On the average, the season was only the fourth warmest spring of the new century. Spring days had been much warmer in 2002 and in 2014, while spring nights had been just as warm in 2002, 2005, 2009, and 2014 as in 2015.
Measures of moisture (rainfall, humidity, cloud, and a narrow daily temperature range) were a little below normal, but not as low as in the last three spring seasons. Humidity (as dew point) had been extremely low in spring 2013.
The total rainfall for the season, 125 mm, was in the 31st percentile. Just four years ago, the spring rainfall total for 2011 was the record-breaking 431.7 mm.

Climate for spring 2015

 Temperature, including subsoil at 750 mm, and other data are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla.