3-year trends to November 2019

November just like October

3-year trends to November 2019

November raw anomaly data (orange)

Temperatures

Daily maximum temperature anomaly (all x-axes): now three degrees above normal.
Daily minimum temperature anomaly (lower left): remains high.
Subsoil temperature anomaly (lower right): still near normal.

Moistures (moist is at the bottom)

Rainfall anomaly (upper left): still very low.
Cloudiness anomaly (upper right): still normal.
Dew point anomaly (middle left): still rather low.
Daily temperature range anomaly (middle right): has risen back to high.

 Latest fully smoothed data (red) includes autumn 2019

Smoothed anomaly values are now available for the autumn (MAM) of 2019. Generally they show a steady retreat from the extreme (smoothed) anomaly values of January. Rainfall anomaly rose, while daily maximum temperature anomaly fell. Daily minimum temperature anomaly fell rapidly, and subsoil temperature anomaly rose rapidly. Cloudiness and dew point changed little. Temperature range anomaly, which had decreased slowly to January, began to increase again.


Notes:

January data points are marked by squares.

Smoothing Continue reading

3-year trends to October 2019

October hot days and nights

3-year trends to October 2019

October raw anomaly data (orange)

Temperatures

Daily maximum temperature anomaly (all x-axes): one degree above the maximum for smoothed values.
Daily minimum temperature anomaly (lower left): has jumped from very low to very high.
Subsoil temperature anomaly (lower right): back to normal again.

Moistures (moist is at the bottom)

Rainfall anomaly (upper left): extremely low.
Cloudiness anomaly (upper right): normal.
Dew point anomaly (middle left): now not very low.
Daily temperature range anomaly (middle right): has fallen from extremely high to near normal.

 Latest fully smoothed data (red), for April 2019

The latest smoothed anomaly values (April 2019) all show a further retreat from the extreme drought values of the summer of 2018-19.

Rainfall and temperature trajectory Sep2016 toFeb 2019The situation is little different from two months ago, as I discussed with an enlarged graph of temperature and rainfall anomalies in the post “Hot and dry records in January 2019”.


Notes:

January data points are marked by squares.

Smoothing Continue reading

3-year trends to September 2019

September extreme and arid

3-year climate trends to September 2019

September raw anomaly data (orange)

Temperatures

Daily maximum temperature anomaly (all x-axes): near the maximum for smoothed values.
Daily minimum temperature anomaly (lower left): has rapidly fallen very low.
Subsoil temperature anomaly (lower right): near normal again.

Moistures (moist is at the bottom)

Rainfall anomaly (upper left): extremely low.
Cloudiness anomaly (upper right): normal.
Dew point anomaly (middle left): now very low (arid).
Daily temperature range anomaly (middle right): extremely high.

 Latest fully smoothed data (red), for March 2019

Latest smoothed anomaly values (March 2019) all show a retreat from the extreme drought values of the summer of 2018-19.


Notes:

January data points are marked by squares.

Smoothing Continue reading

3-year trends to August 2019

Summer record hot-dry (as smoothed)

3-year climate trends to August 2019

August raw anomaly data (orange)

Temperatures

Daily maximum temperature anomaly (all x-axes): near the maximum for smoothed values.
Daily minimum temperature anomaly (lower left): near normal.
Subsoil temperature anomaly (lower right): very high.

Moistures (moist is at the bottom)

Rainfall anomaly (upper left): very low.
Cloudiness anomaly (upper right): normal.
Dew point anomaly (middle left): low, like the other recent values.
Daily temperature range anomaly (middle right): very high.

 Latest fully smoothed data (red), summer 2018-19

Temperatures

Daily maximum temperature anomaly peaked at a record +1.79° in January.
Daily minimum temperature anomaly held the record vaue of +2.16° through January and February.
Subsoil rose rapidly from normal.

Moistures (moist is at the bottom)

Rainfall smoothed anomaly peaked negative in January at the record value of minus 31.75 mm per month.
Cloudiness was normal.
Dew point was low.
Daily temperature range was normal.


Notes:

January data points are marked by squares.

Smoothing Continue reading

Hot and dry records in January 2019

In January 2019, the smoothed anomaly value of monthly rainfall reached a record low (-31.8 mm/month), and that of monthly mean maximum temperature a record high (+1.79°).

Rainfall and temperature trajectory Sep2016 toFeb 2019

[This graph is extracted from a forthcoming post in the series “3-year trends…”. ]

This graph shows temperature and rainfall anomalies, not raw data. It shows how far the actual values differ from normal. The 30 data points from September 2016 to February 2019 (coloured red) are smoothed to show only cycles longer than one year.

The earliest data point, September 2016, had temperature and rainfall just beyond the normal range on the cool and wet side (lower left). Since that date, all the smoothed data points have fallen close to the sloping Mackellar trend line (blue) from cool-wet to hot-dry. (See the note below: Mackellar trend line.)
In the 4 months up to January 2017, warming and drying was rapid, passing completely through the “normal” range. Next, some cooling and wetting occurred to May 2017, then warming and drying resumed to a full drought in March 2018. Through the year 2018, drought prevailed, with a rainfall anomaly always below -25 mm. The temperature anomaly fell to only +1 deg by August, but rose again while rainfall fell. Records for low rainfall and high temperature were broken repeatedly.
January 2019 had the lowest smoothed monthly rainfall anomaly of the 21st century (-31.8 mm/month), and the highest monthly mean maximum temperature (+1.79°).
The following month, February 2019, had a slightly decreased temperature anomaly, and an increased rainfall anomaly. Later data points with less smoothing applied suggest that the smoothed record values of January may stand for some time.


Note.

Mackellar trend line

The insight of Dorothea Mackellar that this is a land “of droughts and flooding rains” *
is expressed in these graphs by a blue trend line passing through the “Normal” point in the centre (aqua) and extending both to “Droughts” with high temperature and low rainfall at the top right and to “Flooding Rains” with low temperature and high rainfall at the bottom left. Smoothed data points for anomalies of mean monthly daily maximum temperature and monthly rainfall totals generally lie close to the sloping blue line in such graphs for all of the last 20 years. (Search “3-year climate trends”, this one, for example).

Notice that record high and low values of smoothed anomalies of rainfall and daily maximum temperature (dates marked in blue) lie close the this blue line, supporting the estimate.
Empirically, one degree of increase in temperature anomaly matches 20 mm of decrease in monthly rainfall anomaly: the Mackellar Constant for Manilla is -20mm/month/degree.

* By arrangement with the Licensor, The Dorothea Mackellar Estate, c/- Curtis Brown (Aust) Pty Ltd.

3-year trends to July 2019

Record dry and warm (as smoothed)

3-year climate trends to July 2019

July raw anomaly data (orange)

Temperatures

Daily maximum temperature anomaly (all x-axes): above the maximum for smoothed values.
Daily minimum temperature anomaly (lower left): just above the upper limit of normal values.
Subsoil temperature anomaly (lower right): very high.

Moistures (moist is at the bottom)

Rainfall anomaly (upper left): very low.
Cloudiness anomaly (upper right): normal.
Dew point anomaly (middle left): low, like the other recent values.
Daily temperature range anomaly (middle right): very high.

 Latest fully smoothed data (red), January 2019

Temperatures

Daily maximum temperature was a new record positive value of +1.79 deg, beating +1.62 deg set in March and December 2018.
Daily minimum temperature set a new record of +2.18 deg, beating +1.98 deg set the previous month.
Subsoil was normal due to phase lag.

Moistures (moist is at the bottom)

Rainfall smoothed anomaly was a new 136-year record value of minus 31.75 mm per month, breaking the record of minus 30.8 mm set the previous month.
Cloudiness was normal.
Dew point was low.
Daily temperature range was normal.


Notes:

January data points are marked by squares.

Smoothing Continue reading

3-year trends to June 2019

June warm and dry

3-yeqr climate trends to June 2019

June raw anomaly data (orange)

Temperatures

Daily maximum temperature anomaly (all x-axes): near the upper limit of normal values.
Daily minimum temperature anomaly (lower left): near the upper limit of normal values.
Subsoil temperature anomaly (lower right): very high.

Moistures (moist is at the bottom)

Rainfall anomaly (upper left): very low.
Cloudiness anomaly (upper right): normal.
Dew point anomaly (middle left): low, like the other recent values.
Daily temperature range anomaly (middle right): normal.

 Latest fully smoothed data (red), December 2018

Temperatures

Daily maximum temperature equaled the record positive value of +1.62° set in March 2018.
Daily minimum temperature set a new record of +1.98°, beating +1.65° set the previous month.
Subsoil was normal due to phase lag.

Moistures (moist is at the bottom)

Rainfall smoothed anomaly was a new 136-year record value of -30.8 mm per month, breaking the record of -29.7 mm set the previous month.
Cloudiness was normal.
Dew point was low.
Daily temperature range was normal.


Notes:

January data points are marked by squares.

Smoothing

Smoothing uses Gaussian functions.
For fully smoothed data the function has a Standard Deviation of 2.5 months, it spans 13 monthly data points, and has a half-width of 6 months, which suppresses cycles shorter than 12 months. For partly smoothed data, the span of the function is reduced to 11 months, 9 months and so on.
Continue reading