3-year trends to May 2020

May, like March and April, continued cool

May raw anomaly data (orange)

Current raw anomaly values for May appeared very little changed from those of March and April. However, as noted below, many values are estimates only.


Daily maximum temperature anomaly (all x-axes), which had been very high until January, remained near -1.5°.
Daily minimum temperature anomaly (lower left): stayed at normal.
Subsoil temperature anomaly (lower right): stayed at normal.

Moistures (moist is at the bottom)

Rainfall anomaly (upper left) stayed near normal.
Cloudiness anomaly (upper right): remained high.
Dew point anomaly (middle left): remained normal.
Daily temperature range anomaly (middle right) stayed low, near -1.5°.

 Fully smoothed data values (red) 

Fully-smoothed data is now available for the spring season (SON) of 2019. Taking the season as a whole, smoothed daily maximum temperature anomaly peaked (at the 21st-century record value of +2.21°) in October, while daily minimum temperature rose, and subsoil temperature fell. A steady movement away from extreme drought affected rainfall, cloudiness, dew point, and daily temperature range (lower).

Due to illness, 45 days were missed for some Manilla values, from 23/3/20 to 8/5/20. No values were noted for cloud or soil temperature; daily maximum and minimum air temperatures were estimated by regression on values from Tamworth Airport Automatic Weather Service.]


January data points are marked by squares.


Smoothing uses Gaussian functions.
For fully smoothed data the function has a Standard Deviation of 2.5 months, it spans 13 monthly data points, and has a half-width of 6 months, which suppresses cycles shorter than 12 months. For partly smoothed data, the span of the function is reduced to 11 months, 9 months and so on.

Fully smoothed data points are plotted in red, partly smoothed data uncoloured, and raw data for the last data point in orange.

Limiting values

Blue diamonds and the dashed blue rectangle show the extreme values in the fully smoothed data record since September 1999.

Normal values

Normal values are based on averages for the decade from March 1999.* They appear on these graphs as a turquoise (turquoise) circle at the origin (0,0). A range of anomalies called “normal” is shown by a dashed rectangle in aqua (aqua). For values in degrees, the assigned normal range is +/-0.7°; for cloudiness, +/-7%; for monthly rainfall, +/-14 mm.

 * Normal values for rainfall are based on averages for the 125 years beginning 1883.

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