December 2015: normal month, normal year

Senna bush photo

Senna-leaf circles

Very few days or nights were more than four degrees from normal this month. The coldest day (the 23rd) was 24.9°, only 7.6° below normal.
Rain fell, mainly as showers, on nine days spaced through the month. The highest reading was 31 mm on the 10th.

Weather log December 2015

 Comparing December months

Nearly all climate variables were very close to normal. Those furthest from normal were:
Early morning dew point, 9.4°, below normal by 3.9°;
Daily minimum temperature, 17.1°, above normal by 0.7°;
Cloudy days percent, 45%, above normal by 14%.
The total rainfall of 101.9 mm was well above the average of 74 mm. It was almost the same as in last December (99 mm): in the 74th percentile, The two-month total for November and December was also high (176 mm). There are no serious rainfall shortages for totals for any number of months.

Climate for December 2015

The Year 2015

Compared to other years in the new century, this year had day temperatures that were on the average (25.6°), and nights (10.8°) that were just 0.6° above average. The subsoil temperature (20.1°) was also near average.
Like last year, the percentage of mornings with more than four octas of cloud (37%) was close to the recent average (40%) for 2007 to 2014, but much more cloudy than the earlier average (26%) for 2000 to 2006.
The rainfall, 621 mm, was only 31 mm below the long-term rainfall average of 652 mm.


Data. All data, including subsoil at 750 mm, are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla. Rainfall data up to 26/3/15 is from Manilla Post Office, Station 055031.

November 2015 had warm days and nights

Photo of seeding clematis

“Old Man’s Beard”

By the last week of October, the weather had cooled down to normal. In November, this continued until the 15th, with rain falling on eight of the days. The highest rainfall reading was 30.0 mm on the 5th.
After that, the weather was fine. Both days and nights were warm, but no day got to 40°. The weekly average temperature reached about four degrees above normal, as it had done early in October.

Weather log November 2015

 Comparing November months

This was a warm November, by day and by night. However, November 2014 had been hotter, and November 2009 very much hotter. The average daily maximum temperature in November 2009 (34.3°) was nearly 3° higher than in this month (31.5°).
Moisture indicators for this month were close to normal, although there was not much cloud. The dew point is no longer very low, as in the last three Novembers.
The rainfall of 73.8 mm was above average, in the 63rd percentile. The climate graph still includes the phenomenally high rainfall of November 2011: 242.9 mm, the highest November rainfall since the record began in 1883. (The next highest was 226 mm in November 1961.)
There are now no serious shortages in rainfall totals for ANY number of months. For the last 30 years, Manilla has enjoyed rainfalls close to normal. The 30-year total of 19,449 mm to this date is within 100 mm from the median 30-year total of 19,360 mm. In all that time, the most extreme major rainfall events were the 2002 winter-spring drought, and the 2011-2012 summer deluge.

Climate for November 2015


Data. All data, including subsoil at 750 mm, are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla. Rainfall data up to 26/3/15 is from Manilla Post Office, Station 055031.