January 2020 more humid

Rain in the main street

It rained!

Weekly average temperatures were 7 deg high early in the month, normal in the third week, then 6 deg high at the end. In these hot weeks, ten days went over 40 deg.
The night of the 11th, at 28.1 deg, was extremely warm. It was the 2nd warmest on record, after 28.2 on 14/01/17.
Although the wettest day had only 22.8 mm of rain, there were 11 rain days. Other signs of moisture included 11 days with half cloud cover or more, and 9 mornings with dew points over 20 deg.

Weather log January 2020

Comparing January months

Mean temperatures this month are the 2nd highest for January, being lower than last year. Subsoil temperature is normal.
All moisture indicators are higher. The early morning dew point, at 16.8 deg, is remarkably high, exceeded only in January 2006.
The rainfall total of 46.8 mm is at the 28th percentile for January, well below the average of 87 mm.

January climae


I will report separately on the on-going drought that continues to break low-rainfall records at durations of 15-months and longer.

Data. A Bureau of Meteorology automatic rain gauge operates in the museum yard. From 17 March 2017, 9 am daily readings are published as Manilla Museum, Station 55312.  These reports use that rainfall data when it is available. Recording resumed on 20 July 2019.
My estimates of early morning dew point have drifted anomalously low. From August 2019, I use data from the Tamworth Airport published graphs.
All other data, including subsoil at 750 mm, are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla.

3-year trends to January 2020

January much more humid

3-year climate trends to Jan 2020

January raw anomaly data (orange)


Daily maximum temperature anomaly (all x-axes) high, but not now extreme: now only three degrees above 21st century normal.
Daily minimum temperature anomaly (lower left): extremely high, twice as high as the record smoothed value
Subsoil temperature anomaly (lower right): still near normal.

Moistures (moist is at the bottom)

Rainfall anomaly (upper left): no longer extremely low.
Cloudiness anomaly (upper right): back to normal.
Dew point anomaly (middle left): suddenly rather high (humid).
Daily temperature range anomaly (middle right): suddenly narrow, due to cloud.

 Fully smoothed data values (red) 

Smoothed anomaly values now include July of 2019. From the rather static values of the autumn, nearly all smoothed values for June began to move in the direction towards drought that seems to have persisted through spring.
There were two exceptions. Daily minimum temperature anomaly continued to fall. Subsoil temperature anomaly reached a peak value in June.


January data points are marked by squares.

Smoothing Continue reading

January 2017 had the hottest night

Cumulus congestus at 130 km

Showers at 130 kilometres

The daily weather log

In the early morning on the 14th, the minimum temperature was 28.2°, the hottest night in this record from 1999. That beat 27.8° set on November the 28th, 2009. Of January months, only this month and January 2006 had no nights as cool as 15°. There were no cool days either: like January 2002, no days were as cool as 30° (and none since 16/12/16). However, only two days this month went over 40°: the 12th with 41.4° and the 13th with 41.2°. That hardly compares with January 2003, which had five. The weekly average temperature was over 30° (4.7° above normal) from the 11th to the 15th. Late in the month, it got as low as 28°, then climbed again.
Showers and storms brought rain on 8 days, but the maximum was only 19.8 mm.

Weather log January 2017

Comparing January months

As in December, this was the hottest January of the new century. It easily beat January 2013 in mean daily maximum (36.4°), mean average (28.7°), and especially mean daily minimum (hot nights: 21.0°). As this months days and nights were both so warm, the daily temperature range was quite normal (15.4°).
Contradicting the high air temperatures, the subsoil temperature was below normal, at 25.1°.
The month was more humid than usual. Afternoon humidity, at 36%, was the highest January value in twelve years (normally 28%), and early morning dew point was the highest in eleven years.
The monthly rainfall total of 48.5 mm is in the 30th percentile, well below the average of 87 mm. Rainfall totals for more than one month still show no shortages. The 48-month total of 2320 mm (down 280 mm) has the lowest percentile value (23rd percentile) as a legacy of dry months around 2013.

Climate for January


Data. Rainfall figures are usually from the automatic rain gauge at Manilla, published on the internet by the Bureau of Meteorology as Station 55031. However, the gauge ceased recording four months ago (8/10/16), and this month’s readings are from my non-standard gauge. All data, including subsoil at 750 mm, are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla.

Warm humid nights in April 2014

The daily weather log

April-blooming Deane's wattle

April-blooming Deane’s wattle

After a cool wet week at the end of March, April began warm, especially at night. The night of the 5th, at 18.8°, was the second warmest April night. Rain fell overnight, and the dew point, 18.5°, was an April record. The third week was sunny but cool, and the fourth week nearly four degrees warmer than usual. The last day of the month was suddenly cold (16.9°) and overcast, with drizzle.Weather log April 2014

Comparing April months

The mean minimum temperature was a record 1.7° above normal for the month, warmer than in April 2005, and the mean maximum temperature was also slightly up. The subsoil, after more than two years above normal (by as much as 2.4° in winter 2013), finally cooled down in March and April.
Moisture was near normal, with low rainfall offset by cloudy skies.
Although the total rainfall of 13.0 mm was below the April average (40 mm), it was not unusually low but in the 28th percentile. Taking rainfall totals for more than one month, the greatest shortages are not serious (i.e. not below the 10th percentile). The nine month total (336 mm) is in the 14th percentile. Other totals have higher percentile values, and most totals for 30 months or more are above normal. Pools still survive in Greenhatch Creek.Climate April 2014

Data. Rainfall data is from Manilla Post Office, courtesy of Phil Pinch. Temperatures, including subsoil at 750 mm, and other data are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla.

Spring 2010 cloudy, damp and cool

Weather log spring 2010

Days this spring were very cool, keeping the seven-day mean maximum curve below normal nearly all the time. Twenty-two mornings were overcast, twice the usual number, and the number of rain days (29) was the highest in twelve springs.

The mean daily maximum temperature (24.1°) was a record low in this data set, more than 4° lower than last year. Similarly, the daily temperature range (12.9°) was unusually narrow, 3.5° narrower than last year. Other temperatures were near normal, except for the record low Subsoil temperature of 17.5°. Cloudy mornings, at 56%, were a record high.
The total spring rainfall of 249 mm is in the 86th percentile. While this is well above the long-term spring average of 166 mm, four of the previous eleven springs were even wetter: 1999, 2000, 2005, and 2008.
Climate spring 2010

Data. Rainfall data is from Manilla Post Office, courtesy of Phil Pinch. Temperatures, including subsoil at 750 mm, and other data are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla.