July 2020: extreme drought lingers

Rain status at Manilla NSW June and July 2020

The lingering long-term drought

As shown, Manilla is still in extreme drought: the rainfall totals from 30-months to 96-months are in the lowest 1% in history. Not only that, but the 42-month total to July (1440 mm) and the 96-month total (4056 mm) are the lowest ever recorded.

Acute drought in 2018 and 2019

This worst-ever drought at Manilla had a false start in September 2017, with severe 2-month and 3-month shortages (below the 5th percentile), but began in earnest in winter (JJA) 2018, with many extreme shortages (below the 1st percentile) that were shorter than one year duration. Such seasonal extreme shortages came again in spring (SON) 2019.
These acute shortages were ended by the rain of February 2020, but extreme and record-breaking shortages with duration of two or more years have persisted up to now.

How to read the graph

This graph shows all the present rainfall shortages at Manilla, short term and long term, as percentile values. The latest values are shown by a thick black line with large circles. Those from one month earlier are shown by a thinner line with small diamonds. [The method is described in “Further Explanation” below.]

Further Explanation

The following notes explain aspects of this work under these listed headings:

Data analysis

Cumulative rainfall totals
Percentile values
Severity of rainfall shortages

Limitations of this analysis

Monthly rainfalls form a single population
Observations are not retrospective
The rain gauge failed

Data analysis

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