The month began cool, including two nights at 6.9°, the coldest December nights in this record. Later it became very warm, with one night of 24.0° and one day of 40.2°. Spells of sunny weather were separated by five rainy days.
The relative humidity on the afternoon of the 29th was the record low value of 4%, as on 10/1/13 and 13/8/13. (These values may be wrong. Few hygrometers can be read so low.)
This December was warm: just slightly cooler than December last year, and very much warmer than those of 2010 and 2011. Extremely dry air brought a new record low December mean morning dew point of 8.8°.
Subsoil temperature (25.7°) remained 1.5° above normal.
The total rainfall of 45.6 mm was in the 28th percentile, well below the average of 74 mm. However, there are still no serious shortages in rainfall totals for more than one month.
The Year 2013
This was one of the warmer years in the new century (but much cooler than 2009). It had the driest air, with a mean early morning dew point of 5.4°, 1.5° below average. The air has become drier each year since 2010.
This year also had the highest subsoil temperature: 22.1°, 1.9° above average.
Extremely high rainfall in June (98mm) was balanced by very low rainfall in August (6.4mm) and October (15mm), for a low annual total of 576 mm, in the 37th percentile.
Data. Rainfall data is from Manilla Post Office, courtesy of Phil Pinch. Temperatures, including subsoil at 750 mm, and other data are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla.