An episode of maritime climate
I have posted this seasonal report for winter 2010 on the front page, as a sticky post, to show how the climate of that season was not normal. It was not the average temperature or the rainfall that were unusual. The sky was very cloudy, the humidity very high, and the daily temperature range very low. The climate was equable, as one would expect at a place near the sea: a maritime climate. More in the footnote*
Temperatures this winter changed little from month to month. June, July and August each had temperatures near the season averages: maximum 17.0°, mean 10.7° and minimum 4.5°. Warm days were rare: only 11 exceeded 20° (usually 25). This winter was even less frosty than the last, with only 32 frosts (usually 44). The lowest minimum was -3.1°.
There were 33 rain days, about twice the usual number.
In terms of daily mean temperature, this winter was normal, However, cool days and warm nights made the daily temperature range (12.5°) narrower than in any winter in the 12-year record. It was also the cloudiest, at 49% cloudy mornings. Manilla’s climate became much more cloudy three years ago, when the average number of cloudy mornings in a month jumped suddenly from nine to twelve (See also these other graphs.). Humidity, as shown by early morning Dew Point was also very high this winter. All these changes reflect a more maritime climate, as on the coast.
Each month would have had rainfall close to average, were it not for one reading of 34.2 mm at the end of July. The total of 160 mm is in the 70th percentile, like that of the wet winters of 2005 and 2007.
*Footnote. The nature of this episode is clear on the 3-year graphs of climate trends, such as that for August 2011. The top left graph shows that, in June, July, and August 2010, rainfall was a little high and daily maximum temperature rather low. The bottom left graph shows the main anomaly: daily minimum temperature remained extremely high while daily maximum rapidly fell, reaching a record low value by October 2010. From July to November that year the difference between daily maximum and daily minimum temperature was some three degrees less than normal.
The middle graph on the right shows directly that the daily temperature range in those months was at record low (narrow) values.
Data. Rainfall data is from Manilla Post Office, courtesy of Phil Pinch. Temperatures, including subsoil at 750 mm, and other data are from 3 Monash Street, Manilla.